Amulets have been used around the world throughout history as protectors against dangers, bad luck and sickness. The majority of ancient Egyptian amulets in the Victorian Gallery depict Egyptian gods and goddesses. Amongst these are: Anubis, canine/jackal god of cemeteries and embalming; Bes, dwarf god and protector of childbirth and pregnant women; Nephthys, funerary goddess; and Shu, god of sunlight and air.

Also here is an Ushabti (Shabti) figure. Ushabti figures were buried along with the dead so that, if the gods requested the deceased complete tasks in the other life, the magical Ushabti figure could carry these out for them. Ushabti figures often carry a hoe and sometimes a basket on their backs. They range in size from 100 to 500mm. This Ushabti is made from faience, which is created by grinding quartz or sand crystals together with substances such as copper oxide. Like ceramics and glass, this is then fired to create items such as figurines and beads.